Project leaderImre Kovách
Attila Papp Z.
The elites responded the crisis by a
closure and by monopolization of development resources.
The survey shows a strong closure of the
Hungarian elites. If the characteristics of the three elites are analysed,
it is obvious that although this group is at the top with a good financial
background, it is relatively dissatisfied with its situation. The values of the
Hungatian political elites are not clear; many conflicting statements were
formulated in the context of research.
Most of the Hungarian minority in Slovakia
(cultural and economic elites) are first-generation intellectuals, who are
children of parents belonging to different social groups. Partly rural origin,
partly born in rural large and small cities. In other words, the origin of the
social elite of Slovakia's Hungarian population is heterogeneous, with all the
positive and negative consequences.
Transylvanism is the identification point for the Hungarian
economic and cultural elite of Romania. They define themselves as Transylvanian primarily and their home and native land
is Transylvania. Analysing the available data we can conclude that the
Hungarian minority cultural elite is very much embedded in the Romanian state
and local power structures. However, the
minority elites embeddedness is not primarily driven by personal ambition, but
the structural position of minority. Also the economic elite is embedded in the
local economic networks.
The research is following the survey conducted in 1988/93,
1997, 2001 series of empirical research. The survey reached 3568 respondents in
2009 and 2010.
The Hungarian political elite (401 people), economic elites
(438 people), cultural elites (501 people) elites of the Hungarian minorities:
German, Romanian, Slovak, Romanian (522 people), of the Hungarian minority in
Slovakia, the economic (398) and cultural elite (395 people), the Hungarian
minority in Romania economic (407 people) and cultural elite (506 people) were
The research is internationally unique, regarding that it
collected data as a part of a research series started 21 years ago.
It is the first comparative quantitative research conducted on Hungarian minorities in Slovakia and Romania, elite of the minorities in Hungary and the Hungarian elites.
Project closure report (pdf 211 kb)