Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve - Lieven de Winter és Benoît Rihoux
- Institute of Sociology of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest,
- Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), Belgium
- Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCN), Spain
- Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche Comparative en Sciences Sociales, (CIR) Paris, France
- The Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in the Social Sciences (ICCR), Vienna, Austria
- Non-Estonians’ Integration Foundation (IF), Tallinn, Estonia
- The Institute of International and Social Studies (IISS), Estonia
- University of Cyprus (UCY )
- G17 Institute, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
We cannot take for granted the fact that integration in Europe will bring automatically a solution to conflicts, especially because some of these community conflicts, as in Belgium, endure and keep on reconstructing even decades after the integration of the country in the European space. By lessening the relevance of territorial integrity of current nation-states, it seems easier for smaller communities to claim their independence, or at least a greater autonomy. Moreover, the wide range of possible shapes these conflicts can take (from the violent conflicts of the Basque country or of Northern Ireland, to the mainly institutionalised forms, though not always exempt of violence, of the conflict between Flemish and Walloon communities in Belgium, to the economic aspects of the conflicts in Italy) stresses the necessity for the European Union to adopt different strategies and behaviour vis-à-vis these situations.
1) A review of the history of community conflicts in Europe and investigate the effects of European integration on existing conflicts.
2) The study the main actors of each conflict, and the institutions that are central to their development. Analysis of the data obtained on these subjects through the questionnaires previously sent, in-depth interviews and observation.
3) Study of the actions undertaken by the groups in conflict.
4) Focus on policies or initiatives set up to handle these conflicts (Accomodation policies).
5) Measurable indicators for monitoring community conflicts, testing their transferability to other conflicts.